Newcastle is a city located on the banks of the River Tyne in England. Newcastle is one of the most popular cities of the 20th century in England, with the famous University of Newcastle located in the city center. The city is also the largest cluster of satellite cities on the banks of the River Tyne. Newcastle is one of the English Core Cities Group. People in Newcastle and its surrounding areas are often referred to as “Geordies”. A medieval fortress, the city of Newcastle is named after it.

City Overview
Newcastle, England
Port City, full name “Newcastle on Tyne”. Located on the north bank of the lower reaches of the Tain River, 13 kilometers east of the North Sea. It was named after the construction of a new castle in 1080. Population 281000 (1983). The area is 112 square kilometers. After the 16th century, it was the main coal port in England. Established in 1882. Shipping and heavy industry are very important. One of the shipbuilding and repair centers, as well as industries such as steel, coking, machinery, electrical instrumentation, chemistry, and food processing. Railway and highway hubs. There are five highway and railway bridges, including the Tyne Bridge, connecting Gateshead on the south bank. Many medieval churches and other buildings. The cultural center includes the University of Newcastle, the School of Technology, the School of Education, as well as archaeological museums, technology museums, and art museums.
Newcastle is the political, commercial, and cultural center of northern England. Newcastle people are renowned for their extraordinary achievements, unique personalities, and accents. Newcastle’s reputation as the “City of Vitality” comes from the 19th century, when George and Robert Stevenson built the steam engine and Joseph Swann improved the light bulb.

On weekends, thousands of tourists flock to Newcastle from the north of England. The large number of students here make the city’s nightlife rich and colorful. Newcastle has been named one of the world’s eight major entertainment cities.
Newcastle people, also known as Geordies, may have three reasons: firstly, in the Jacobite Uprising of 1745, Newcastle supported King George; Secondly, support for King George earned the city residents the nickname Geordies; Thirdly, perhaps it is because the local ethnic minorities use the safety light invented by George Stevenson.
Population: Over 500000.
Transportation: 450 kilometers north of London on the east coast, it takes three to four hours by train to reach London.
Education: Newcastle City has two universities
Newcastle University, founded in 1834, is a member of the Russell League School;
Northumbria University was founded in 1870.
Both universities are located in the city center, so Newcastle can also be said to be a city centered around universities.
Newcastle United, a local football club founded in 1881, has the most fans in England and has always been among the top clubs in the Premier League. Its home stadium, St James’s Park, is also one of the famous stadiums in the UK and even around the world. On November 4, 2009, Newcastle United announced a renaming plan for the stadium. Although this measure received opposition from most local fans, it still could not prevent the 120 year old St. James Park stadium from being renamed as Sports Direct Arena. On October 9, 2012, it was renamed St. James’s Park Stadium again.
Commercial Street
Northumberland Street is the main commercial street in the center of Newcastle, with many shopping areas, and Eldon Square is the largest shopping center among them. According to a 2004 report, Northumberland Road was rated as the most expensive commercial street for storefronts outside London, UK. In addition, outside the city center, there is also the largest urban shopping center in Europe, Metro Centre.
Newcastle Brown is the favorite light beer of the British people. It was founded in 1927 and is brewed using brewery specific fermentation ingredients and a unique mixture of saltwater.
Newcastle also has a long history and tradition. According to research, the name of the city comes from a Norman style giant castle built here by Robert, the eldest son of King William the Conqueror, in 1080- CASTLE KEEP. But the embryonic form of Newcastle can be traced back to the Roman Empire, where it was the northernmost border of the Roman “British” provinces – and further south was the “civilized world” conquered by Rome; To the north, there are uncivilized “barbaric tribes” – including the Pyrenees, Scots, and others.
In order to prevent barbarian invasions, the Romans built a city wall hundreds of miles long along the River Tyne (which is naturally difficult to match the size of the Great Wall of Ten Thousand Miles). This is the famous “Hadrian Wall” – named after the Roman Emperor Hadrian at that time, and it has now been listed as a “key cultural relic protection unit” by the United Nations. The fortress on the Great Wall of Hadrian, known as Pang Si Er Li, will be the original site of Newcastle in the future.
Newcastle’s most famous artwork is probably the famous North England landmark – the Angel of the North (remember that Shearer was also known as the Angel of the North by his hometown fans? Hehe), which is the largest sculpture in the UK and is hailed as one of the most outstanding works of art in the country. The Northern Angel stands on the highest slope of Gateshead, a famous coal producing area in Newcastle before 1960, on the south bank of the Tyne River. If you want to drive north in the UK, you can definitely admire its grandeur on the A1 highway. Just looking at the photos, I have an impulse to fly
Newcastle’s rise and fall are closely intertwined with the Industrial Revolution. As the third largest coastal city in the northeast of England
A major port, Newcastle’s wealth comes from two major industries: wool and coal. There is a slang in English: “Transport coal to Newcastle”, which metaphorically refers to the method and purpose of doing things going in the opposite direction. It can be seen from this that coal plays a significant role in the development of Newcastle, while arms manufacturing and ship repairs also bring a large number of employment opportunities to the city.
As an important city in England, Newcastle does not have the same large area and high volume as major cities in the country. Instead, it showcases to us the cultural connotations and up-to-date urban quality of a city with a long history.
Castle keep (a symbol of the city of Newcastle. In 1080, Lord Robert Curthose built Castle Keep on the Tyne River to prevent the invasion of northern Scots; it reminded me of Pollack’s World War II film “Castle keep”)
Newcastle is an urban borough and city in the county of Tyne and Wales in northeastern England. Adjacent to Sunderland and North Tyneside. Newcastle is located on the north bank of the River Tyne and was founded during the Roman Empire. Its name was Pons Aelius and it was built by Emperor Hadrian of the Roman Empire. These old city walls can still be seen in some parts of Newcastle, especially along West Road. The city is one of the most popular cities in England in the 20th century and the largest collection of satellite cities along the Tyne River. Newcastle is one of the English Core Cities Group. Many medieval churches and other buildings. The cultural center includes the University of Newcastle, the School of Technology, the School of Education, as well as archaeological museums, technology museums, and art museums.

Cultural City
This ancient mining town is located in the northeast of England and was once a dirty industrial wasteland. And now it is becoming a shining cultural center – who would have thought
Urban Historic Iconic Buildings
What about it—— And it is also a destination for tourists. A beautiful pedestrian bridge miraculously rises into the clouds, with elegant lines resembling human eyes, and boats passing by on the river below. The riverside is an art center transformed from an ancient granary, which is eye-catching, and there is also a winding music hall under construction. A trendy and stylish hotel is right behind. Where have we been? This cannot be the rusty, coal burning industrial city in the northeast of England, can it?
Wrong, perhaps you can describe Newcastle and Gateshead across the Tyne River in the last century as such, but it has completely changed now. Setting aside the Gateshead Millennium Bridge, which opened in 2001, the Baltic Center for Contemporary Art and the St. Gateshead Concert Hall proudly stand on the shore. “My heart is filled with praise and admiration,” said Roger Wilson, an engineer who came on vacation from the south of England and couldn’t help but admire.
Becoming a tourist to Newcastle is an honor for those who take the lead. If the figures from 2003 can be used as a basis, at least 2 million tourists will visit Newcastle and Gateshead for sightseeing. This place has recently been selected as the best tourist destination by readers of the UK’s Cond é Nast Traveler magazine, The Guardian, and The Observer. This is very different from the situation in the late 1980s. At that time, this area was a case study of urban decline, with these two dirty and depressed cities separated by a slowly flowing foul smelling ditch. The people in the city also left one after another and went to the south, because the coal industry and traditional metal making industry that they relied on for survival here have disappeared. However, currently 46% of Newcastle graduates choose to stay locally, which is one of the highest percentages in the UK. A survey of employees conducted by OMIS research agency shows that people believe this city ranks third among the most suitable cities for doing business in the UK, rising sharply from the previous 19th place. Experts refer to it as cultural led regeneration. stay
Scenery on the Tyne River
The shoreline on one side of Newcastle has been renovated, and the elegant Georgian style buildings in the nearby old town of Glengill have been cleverly restored, which has revitalized the retail industry and turned the city into a gathering place for men and women. Then, art began to attract public attention. In 1994, the Gateshead Commission commissioned the production of a massive sculpture worth $1.2 million, which was called the “Northern Angel” by the renowned British artist Anthony Gamley. This sculpture stands at the main entrance of the city and caused a sensation overnight. Continuing on, a $74 million renovation turned an ancient granary into a major center of contemporary art. Since its opening in 2002, it has received over one million tourists in its first year, which is four times the expected number. In the same year, the Tyne River Pedestrian Bridge ($35 million) won the highest architectural award in the UK – RIBA’s Stirling Award. The St. Gateshead Concert Hall ($127 million) is planned to open during the winter. All these elegant cultures seem very disproportionate, as Newcastle only has 270500 residents and Gateshead has less than 200000. Neil Rammy is the CEO of Newcastle and Gateshead Programs, an organization responsible for marketing efforts on both sides of the Tyne River. Neil Rami claims that investments in art, culture, heritage, and sports have attracted an additional $2 trillion in economic activity, converting into 24000 jobs.